Russia, also known as the Russian Federation, is the world’s largest country by area. It covers parts of Eastern Europe and Northern Asia, and spans 11 time zones. Russia is also the largest country in Europe and Asia, with European Russia covering around 40% of Europe’s landmass.
Russia is a federation of 86 republics, provinces, territories, and districts, all controlled by the government in Moscow.
The capital of Russia is Moscow, with a population of around 10 million.
The president of Russia is Vladimir Putin, and the prime minister is Mikhail Mishustin. The currency of Russia is the Russian Ruble.
Russia’s climate ranges from steppes in the south, to humid continental in much of European Russia, and subarctic in Siberia. Winters vary from cool along the Black Sea coast to frigid in Siberia. Summers vary from warm in the steppes to cool along the Arctic coast.
Russia’s economy is based on a vast supply of natural resources, including oil, coal, iron ore, gold, and aluminum.
- Russia spans two continents, Europe and Asia, making it the only country in the world to do so.
- It’s the largest country by land area, covering over 17 million square kilometers, which is almost twice the size of Canada.
- Russia has 11 time zones, stretching across 11,000 kilometers from Kaliningrad in the west to the Bering Strait in the east.
- The landscape is incredibly diverse, from the lush forests of Siberia to the snow-capped peaks of the Caucasus Mountains to the Black Sea beaches.
- Russia is home to some of the world’s most impressive natural features, including Lake Baikal, the deepest lake in the world, and the Volga River, the longest river in Europe.
History and Culture:
- Russia has a rich and complex history, dating back over a thousand years.
- It was the center of the powerful Kievan Rus’ state in the early Middle Ages, and later the Tsardom of Russia and the Soviet Union.
- Russia’s culture is a unique blend of Slavic, Byzantine, and Western influences.
- The country is famous for its literature, music, art, and ballet.
- Some of Russia’s most famous writers include Leo Tolstoy, Fyodor Dostoevsky, and Anton Chekhov.
- Russian composers such as Pyotr Tchaikovsky and Igor Stravinsky are known worldwide for their classical music.
Politics and Economy:
- Russia is a federal republic with a semi-presidential system of government.
- The president is the head of state, while the prime minister is the head of government.
- Russia’s economy is the 11th largest in the world by nominal GDP and the 6th largest by purchasing power parity.
- The country’s main exports include oil, natural gas, and metals.
- Russia is a member of the United Nations, the G20, and the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation.
People and Society:
- Russia is the ninth-most populous country in the world, with over 145 million people.
- The majority of the population is ethnic Russian, but there are also over 190 other ethnic groups represented in the country.
- The official language of Russia is Russian, but there are many other languages spoken throughout the country.
- Russia is a secular state, but the Russian Orthodox Church is the most popular religion.
- Russia is home to the world’s longest railway, the Trans-Siberian Railway.
- The first human to travel into space, Yuri Gagarin, was a Soviet cosmonaut.
- Russia is the world’s largest producer of caviar.
- The Kremlin, a historic fortress in Moscow, is one of the most famous landmarks in Russia.